We are following Takahashi & Nakaya (1998), with additional arguments provided by Konings (2015:303) in relocating Pelmatochromis stappersii as a subjective junior synonym of Callochromis pleurospilus in our catalog. We are also adding the potentially undescribed species Callochromis sp. 'pleurospilus tanzania' as proposed by Konings (2015:304) for those specimens previously considered as Callochromis stappersii from Central Tanzania between the Mahale Mountains and Cape Mpimbwe.
Taking in consideration the recent DNA phylogenetic studies (Říčan et al, 2008; López-Fernández, et al, 2010; McMahan et al, 2010) we decided to return the species nourissati to its base genus Theraps from its current placement in the Cichlid Room Companion as Astatheros. It appears that the morphological and behavioral similitudes of this species with A. robertsoni are more likely the result of convergent evolution than of close relationship between the two species, as all DNA studies show consistently T. irregularis as its sister species.
We add to the catalog the new potentially undescribed species Tropheus sp. 'viridescens' following the thesis by Maarten Van Steenberge (2014), who gives compelling data for the consideration of this previously a population of Tropheus brichardi as a new species, which differentiates from the latter by a crescent shaped caudal fin and five to seven anal spines. The provisional name we give is Tropheus sp. ‘viridescens’, following Patrick Tawil (2012), who first thought this could be a new species and gave it that name.
We reclassify Neetroplus bocourti (now as exCichlasoma) in the genus Vieja with a tentative character. Although there is not a direct reference in a taxonomic paper in this sense to our knowledge, Říčan et al. (2008) in a phylogenetic study show the close relationship of this species with Vieja heterospila based on ecological, DNA (both nuclear and mitochondrial) as well as in traditional morphology combined phylogeny. We make this move to reflect a consistent position on this clade of Central American cichlids.
Based on a report and article by Mark Smith we are including in our cichlid catalog Harpagochromis sp. 'serranus juma island' as a potentially undescribed species, closely related to Harpagochromis serranus.
We have updated the format for a reference report trying to make it better organized and more informative. We now separate the information obtained from the reference in three tabs; one for the main reference profile with the species treated in the reference, one for nomenclature actions, and a third tab for geographical information.
We remove Petrochromis sp. 'gold' from our cichlid catalog following advice by Patrick Tawil, curator of the species, since the potentially undescribed species seems to be the same as the recently described Petrochromis horii. A recent field photographic study of the populations made by Adrian Indermaur shed new light on this species. This step is taken at least until we obtain new evidence of the validity of a different taxon.
We remove Xenotilapia sp. 'papilio katete' from out catalog since we judge that relatively small differences in coloration should not be enough to separate species. Additionally, Heinz Büscher (personal communication to Ad Konings) was not able to find any meaningful morphological difference between the proposed species and Xenotilapia papilio.
Because of the suggestion by Thomas Andersen (2015), we have decided to include in our cichlid catalog the potentially undescribed species Xenotilapia sp. ‘bathyphilus yellow’. This form has been considered a geographical variant of Xenotilapia bathyphilus until now. According to Andersen, this potentially undescribed species differs from the nominal X. bathyphilus by the yellow color of the lips (versus blue), but most noticeably in the breeding behavior. X. bathyphilus constructs and maintains a peculiar territory with sometimes more than 10 cm tall turrets made by heaped-up sand. In contrast, males of the Xenotilapia sp. ‘bathyphilus yellow’ neither construct any sand-scrape spawning site nor are they territorial, but they court females and spawn with them whenever their encounter occurs.
We are now offering a new report on indexed cichlid magazines (those publications for which we try to have all references included). In this report you can request the index of all issues and their content of a given publication in a select volume. This is additional to the report of a given publication issue where you can additionally get the species treated.
We are now starting to offer videos for localities besides those of a particular species found in a locality which we were already offering. These videos will show the habitat at the locality and locality overviews with several fish species included, both cichlids or also other fish. We invite you take a look at the cool video by Ad Konings of a stingray at Igarapé Barirí in the Rio Negro.
Based on the new paper by Caleb D. McMahan et al (2014), we have included what has been known as Cryptoheros coatepeque in the synonymy of C. nigrofasciatus. The authors, using molecular and morphological characters, have found that C. coatepeque is phylogenetically nested within the clade of C. nigrofasciatus.
Based on the new publication by Anton Lamboj et al (2104), we have re-validated the taxon Pelvicachromis kribensis to represent the Cameroonian populations of P. taeniatus, which has been restricted to the populations in eastern Benin and Nigeria. We have also included in the catalog the new taxon Pelvicachromis drachenfelsi which now represents the former P. taeniatus population of the Wouri river in Cameroon.
Based on the proposal by Ad Konings (1998), we have decided to reclassify in our cichlid catalog Lamprologus meleagris as a junior synonym of exLamprologus stappersi. Small morphological differences between these two taxa can be better explained as geographical variations of a single species rather than as support for two separate taxa. Until new evidence would show the need to again separate them, we take this step.
We have included today three new potentially undescribed species to our cichlid catalog; namely Pseudocrenilabrus sp. 'lufubu a', Ortochromis sp. 'chomba' and Telmatochromis sp. 'lufufu', we support the records in recent publications by Adrian Indermaur [DATZ. v. 2014(n. 10), pp. 16-23] and Stephan Koblmüller et al [African Zoology. v. 47(n. 1), pp. 182-186]. We have added beautiful pictures for each species. These species are so unique that even the genera they are placed in are tentative!.
A new report is offered in each species profile to show a list of species that inhabit syntopically (at the same place). The list of syntopic species is based on the locality assignment for each one of them, and hence will be in many cases incomplete, but we will improve it every day. The report is available by clicking on a new tab 'syntopic' in each species profile (present when syntopic species are available).
Today the Cichlid Catalog offers 13,000 cichlid pictures, most of them taken in natural habitat. This is independent of locality pictures. Thanks to all of your for your support that made it possible.
In order to provide a better overview of the localities where a given species inhabits, we have provided a new report with the illustrated localities we have for a certain species. It is found as a new tab ‘localities’ in each species profile, separated from the ‘map’ tab, that shows the distribution on a map and the supporting authoritative references. When you click on a thumb of a locality picture in the new report, you get redirected to the locality page, where you find (if available) more pictures, information and species that inhabit the selected locality.
We have decided to accept Takahashi’s (2008) proposal to distinguish what we referred to before as Bentochromis tricoti as a different species. The types of that species, collected during the mission “Hydrobiologique belge au lac Tanganika (1946-1947)”, represent a deep water species that we have never seen alive. We are removing today Benthochromis horii from the synonymy of B. tricoti, which was proposed by Patrick Tawil in 2008. We have re-evaluated the diagnosis for B. horii, as it has been suggested by Thomas Andersen (Andersen, 2013) and which was recently confirmed by Ad Konings (personal communication). The difference between B. horii and the other two Benthochromis species is best appreciated in the angle of the mouth. In B. horii the lower jaw makes an angle of about 50° with the body axis while this angle in B. melanoides and B. tricoti is about 60°. The mouth in B. tricoti is entirely below the body axis while in B. melanoides and B. horii the mouth is entirely or for more than 50% above it. Males of the different species can easily be distinguished by their color pattern. Males of B. horii are characterized by three horizontal, light-blue stripes on the flank with the lower across the base of the pectoral fin. B. melanoides males lack any horizontal stripes while B. tricoti only has two, and lacks the lower stripe across the pectoral fin base (Andersen 2013). For more details about this please consult the species profiles.
We now offer distribution maps for genera! Maps are based on certified localities for each species (present of past). Each species is shown in one color and legends are found below the map. Almost all genera have now this utility active, and those which do not have it yet will have it soon. We will keep adding localities for species based on authoritative reference, pictures/videos in situ and museum collection records. This is an area we will give priority attention in the coming months. Go to the catalog and click on the distribution tab in each genus profile.