" We describe a new species of a substrate-brooding Gymnogeophagus, based on coloration characters. The new species can be distinguished from the remaining substrate-brooding species in the genus by the unique pigmentation of the dorsal fin which consists of light blue, diagonal stripes over a red background in the spiny section and a combination of round, elliptic, and elongated bright blue spots over a red background in the soft section. It can be further distinguished from all other species of Gymnogeophagus by the following combination of characters: a discontinuous bright blue band above the upper lateral line in the humeral area, light blue roundish spots over a red to orange background on the anal fin, and conspicuous bright blue horizontal bands on body. The new species inhabits a wide range of freshwater habitats in the lower rio Uruguay basin, Rio de la Plata coastal drainages and Atlantic Ocean coastal drainages in Uruguay "
Classification: Taxonomy and phylogeny, South America.
Reference in bibliography for species (1)
Loureiro, Marcelo & M. Zarucki, L.R. Malabarba, I. González-Bergonzoni. 2016. "A new species of Gymnogeophagus Miranda Ribeiro from Uruguay (Teleostei: Cichliformes)". Neotropical Ichthyology. v. 14(n. 1), pp. e150082 (crc07302) (abstract)