" Environmental sex determination (ESD) is one of the most striking examples of phenotypic plasticity. Individuals from species that exhibit ESD can develop as either males or females depending on the particular environmental conditions they experience during early development. In fish, ESD species often show a relatively subtle effect of environment, resulting in a substantial number of both sexes being produced in both male- and female-biasing conditions, rather than the unisex clutches that are typical of many reptiles. This less dramatic form of ESD allows the opportunity to study the effects of sexual differentiation on within-sex variation in behavior and morphology by comparing same-sex individuals produced in male- and female-biasing conditions. Here, we confirm that sex determination in the West African cichlid, Pelvicachromis pulcher, is influenced by pH during early development. We show that pH also affects the ratio of two alternative male reproductive types with the polygynous morph being overproduced in male-biasing conditions and the monogamous male morph being overproduced in female-biasing conditions. Our results suggest that the sexual differentiation process may be an important force in maintaining individual variation in behavior and reproductive tactics "
Classificazione: Fisiologia e malattie, Africa.
Referenza in bibliografia per le specie (1)
Reddon, Adam R & Peter L Hurd. 2013. "Water pH during early development influences sex ratio and male morph in a West African cichlid fish, Pelvicachromis pulcher". Zoology. v. 116(n. 3), pp. 139-143. DOI: 10.1016/j.zool.2012.11.001 (crc09316) (riassunto)