Original description as Asprotilapia leptura:
- Boulenger, George Albert. 1901. "Diagnoses of new fishes discovered by Mr. J. E. S. Moore in lakes Tanganyika and Kivu". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. [Series 7]1-6 (crc00034)
Conservation: Asprotilapia leptura is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (LC) least concern (2014).