Descripción original como Chromis tanganicae:
- Günther, Albert C. L. G. 1894. "Descriptions of the reptiles and fishes collected by Mr. E. Coode-Hore on Lake Tanganyika". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. v. 1893 (n. 4): pp. 628-632 (crc00212)
- Petrochromis andersonii Boulenger, 1901, con localidad tipo en Albert Edward Nyanza (Lake Edward). Certificador: Trewavas et al., 1991
- Haplochromis fasciatus Borodin, 1931, con localidad tipo en Lake Tanganyika at Ujiji, Kigoma, Tanzania. Certificador: Trewavas, 1946
Conservación: Oreochromis tanganicae es evaluada por la Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza en la lista roja de especies amenazadas como (LC) Poca preocupación (2006). Large schools of O. tanganicae are not that rare in the Tanzanian waters of the lake, but in the other parts it has become a rare food fish. Since such schools move around in shallow water they are easily targeted by beach seine fishermen. This is perhaps the reason that outside of Tanzanian waters O. tanganicae is often seen as small groups comprising of a few individuals in the intermediate habitat where they find protection from seines by the presence of rocks. In Sumbu National Park in Zambia O. tanganicae has staged a comeback after it was wiped out in almost all Zambian waters 20-30 years ago. The enforced protection of inshore waters has benefited the species and ultimately also the people living along the shores of the lake.