Original description as Tilapia karongae:
- Trewavas, Ethelwynn. 1941. "Nyasa fishes of the genus Tilapia and a new species from Portuguese East Africa". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. Series 11; pp. 294-306 (crc01144)
Conservation: Oreochromis karongae is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (EN) endangered (2004).