Original description as Neolamprologus similis:
- Büscher, Heinz H.. 1992. "Ein neuer Cichlide aus dem Tanganjikasee Neolamprologus similis n. sp.". Die Aquarien- und Terrarien-Zeitschrift (DATZ). pp. 520-525 (crc00151)
Conservation: exLamprologus similis is not evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species. Apart from erosion which brings sediment in the lake covering up the various shell beds exLamprologus similis is not threatened in its existence. There is currently little erosion along the Tanzanian shore in its area of distribution, but along the Congolese part of its range that is, or may become soon, a form of threat.