Original description as Haplochromis bicolor:
- Boulenger, George Albert. 1906. "Descriptions of new fishes discovered by Mr E. Degen in Lake Victoria". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (ser. 7) 17; pp. 433-452 (crc00190)
- Bayonia xenodonta Boulenger , 1911, with type locality at Jinja, Ripon Falls, Uganda, Lake Victoria. Determiner: van Oijen, 1991
- Hemitilapia materfamilias Pellegrin , 1913, with type locality at Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza] at Port Florence [Kisumu], Nyanza Province, Kenya.. Determiner: van Oijen, 1991
Conservation: Haplochromis bicolor is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (VU) vulnerable (2010).