Original description as Heros nigrofasciatus:
- Günther, Albert C. L. G. 1867. "On the fishes of the states of Central America, founded upon specimens collected in fresh and marine waters of various parts of that country by Messrs. Salvin and Godman and Capt. J. M. Dow". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1866, pp. 600-604 (crc00014)
- Amatitlania coatepeque Schmitter-Soto, 2007, with type locality at North shore of island in Lake Coatepeque, El Salvador. Determiner: McMahan et al., 2014
- Amatitlania siquia Schmitter-Soto, 2007, with type locality at Stream flowing out of the forest into Río Siquia, 7 miles north of Rama, Atlantic Panama. Determiner: Artigas Azas, 2021
Conservation: Amatitlania nigrofasciata is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (DD) data deficient (2019). A. nigrofasciata has been widely introduced in central Mexico, the United States (Florida, Hawaii and warm springs in western USA), and also in the east, in Indonesia and the Philippines (iNaturalist registrations).