Original description as Acara bartoni:
- Bean, Tarleton Hoffman. 1892. "Notes on fishes collected in Mexico by Prof. Alfredo Dugès, with descriptions of new species". Proceeding of the United States National Museum. pp. 283-287 (crc00239)
Conservation: Herichthys bartoni is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (EN) endangered (2019). Listed in the Mexican Official Norm NOM-059-ECOL-2001 with classification A (In danger of extinction). Some springs where it historically inhabited have been drought up in recent years.