Original description as Australoheros barbosae:
- Ottoni, Felipe & Wilson Costa. 2008. "Taxonomic revision of the genus Australoheros RÍCAN & KULLANDER, 2006 (Teleostei: Cichlidae) with descriptions of nine new species from southeastern Brazil". Vertebrate Zoology. v.58 (2), pp. 207-232 (crc01699)
Conservation: Australoheros barbosae is not evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species.