Original description as Petrotilapia pyroscelos:
- Lundeba, Mary & J.R. Stauffer Jr. & A. Konings. 2011. "Five new species of the genus Petrotilapia (Teleostei: Cichlidae), from Lake Malawi, Africa". Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters. v. 22(n. 2), pp. 149-168 (crc03458) (abstract)
Conservation: Petrotilapia pyroscelos is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (LC) least concern (2018). . Most individuals of P. pyroscelos are found in very shallow water and fishermen rarely place gill nets in such shallow waters; besides, gill nets are rarely used by the fishermen on Chizumulu Island in general. The status for P. pyroscelos should be listed as Least Concern.