Original description as Tilapia betsileana:
- Boulenger, George Albert. 1899. "A revision of the African and Syrian fishes of the family Cichlidae. Part II". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. pp 98-143 (1-47); (crc00051)
Conservation: Ptychochromoides betsileanus is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (CR) critically endangered (2016).