Original description as Cichlasoma zaliosum:
- Barlow, George W. & J. W. Munsey. 1976. "The red devil-midas-arrow cichlid species complex in Nicaragua". Investigations of the ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes. pp. 363-369 (crc00011) (abstract)
Conservation: Amphilophus zaliosus is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (CR) critically endangered (2009).