Original description as Haplochromis aeneocolor:
- Greenwood, Peter Humphry. 1973. "A revision of the Haplochromis and related species (Pisces: Cichlidae) from Lake George, Uganda". Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology Series. Series 25 (5); pp 141-242 (crc00219)
Conservation: Astatotilapia aeneocolor is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (VU) vulnerable (2006). With concerns of water pollution from regional mining operations (IUCN 2009).