Adulto en el cabo Cachese
Julidochromis dickfeldi adulto en el cabo Kachese, lago Tanganyika [Zambia].Foto por Ad Konings. certificador Pam Chin

Familia
Cichlidae

Sub-familia
Pseudocrenilabrinae

Tribu
Lamprologini

Género
Julidochromis

Estado
válida


Curador

Publicado:

Última actualización el:
21-dic.-2004

Julidochromis dickfeldi Staeck, 1975


Descripción original como Julidochromis dickfeldi:

ZooBank:E30D30F4-527F-4E0A-BD0D-6DB595B41A34.

  • Staeck, Wolfgang. 1975. "A new cichlid fish from Lake Tanganyika: Julidochromis dickfeldi sp. n. (Pisces, Cichlidae)". Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines. v. 89(n. 4), pp. 981-986 (crc00115)

Historia de nomenclatura:

  • Julidochromis dickfeldi, Staeck, 1975:981, combinación original

Paises que habita:

Nombres comunes: Dickfeld's Julie (US).

Diagnosis: The nose is more pointed, there is a blue sheen over the body, and a distinct pattern in the dorsal and caudal fins.

Tamaño: males 4" (10 cm) females 3" (7 cm).

Dimorfismo sexual: Dickfeldi is difficult to sex by coloration but typically the males are larger then females.

Localidad tipo: Sumbu National Park region, Lake Tanganyika, Zambia.

Distribución: Endemic to Lake Tanganyika, and only found in the South West part of the lake, between Kapampa and Ndole (Konings, 1998).

Localidades: Cape Kachese (Zambia, nativo), Chimba (Zambia, indefinido), Katete (Zambia, nativo), Moliro (República Democrática del Congo, nativo).

Biótopo: They prefer the rocky habitat, and found at depths of 5 - 20 meters, temperature between 23 - 27 degrees C., 7.8- 9.5 pH, water very hard that is highly oxygenated, algae is the only vegetation present. (Konings, 2002).

Alimentación: They are consistently listed with a diet of invertebrates, but also eat small snails. Algae is also ingested as they are picking foods off the rocky habitat and sponges. (Konings, 1998).

Reproducción: Breed year round, a cave brooder that produces small clutches of fry, numbering around 35 - 50. Bi-parental care of eggs and fry until it is time to spawn again, and the fry are gently pushed away from the breeding area.

Acuarismo: Raise the juveniles in larger community tanks, of 220 liters (60 gallons) or more, with other Tanganyikan Cichlids around the same size. Allowing them to pair off naturally, confirmed pairs can then be removed to a smaller aquariums for breeding purposes. Pairs are easily housed in 40 - 80 liters (10 - 20 gallon) tanks, as the fry rearing and fry removal is more efficient in smaller aquaria. Fry and adults do well on freshly hatched baby brine shrimp, and a cichlid staple flake or pellet. Water changes should be frequent, and a pH of 8.5 or higher is best.

Conservación: Julidochromis dickfeldi es evaluada por la Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza en la lista roja de especies amenazadas como (LC) Poca preocupación (2006). The habitat is stable at the moment.

Comentarios: Is Julidochromis dickfeldi really a Julie? They are only found in the rocky habitat in the southwest part of the lake, and feed like Chalinochromis popelini. It has a different body shape from the other Julies, with more of a pointed nose. It has a wonderful blue sheen in the body as well as blue fringing on the dorsal and tail. The dorsal fin appears larger than in the other Julies while the 3 horizontal stripes are more intense than in ornatus. Dickfeldi seem to fall in between the giants Julies (J. regani and J. marlieri) and the dwarf Julies (J. transcriptus and J. ornatus) and usually are around 10 cm. (4 inches), the males are typically larger than females.

Referencias (3):

  • Konings, Ad. 2002. "Enjoying Cichlids". Cichlid Press (crc00735)
  • Konings, Ad. 1998. "Tanganyika Cichlids In Their Natural Habitat". Cichlid Press (crc00734)
  • Staeck, Wolfgang. 1975. "A new cichlid fish from Lake Tanganyika: Julidochromis dickfeldi sp. n. (Pisces, Cichlidae)". Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines. v. 89(n. 4), pp. 981-986 (crc00115)

Catálogos externos: Catalog of Fishes, Encyclopedia of Life, FishBase, ZooBank.

Cita:

Chin, Pam. (diciembre 21, 2004). "Julidochromis dickfeldi Staeck, 1975". Cichlid Room Companion. Consultado en octubre 22, 2019, desde: https://cichlidae.com/species.php?id=441&lang=es.