Adult in Pemba
An adult of Julidochromis transcriptus in Pemba, Lake Tanganyika [Democratic Republic of Congo].Foto von Ad Konings. (27-Mai-2011).

Familie
Cichlidae

Unterfamilie
Pseudocrenilabrinae

Tribus
Lamprologini

Gattung
Julidochromis

Status
valide


Verwalter

Veröffentlicht:

Zuletzt aktualisiert am :
25-Dez.-2004

Julidochromis transcriptus Matthes, 1959


Erstbeschreibung als Julidochromis transcriptus:

ZooBank:62C07DB3-A222-4F30-A640-AA0D3C0EA89E.

  • Matthes, H. 1959. "Un cichlide nouveaux du lac Tanganika Julidochromis transcriptus n. sp". Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines. v. 60; pp. 126-130 (crc00113)

Taxonomische geschichte:

  • Julidochromis transcriptus, Matthes, 1959:126, ursprüngliche Kombination

Catalog of Fishes

Diagnose: J. transcriptus has horizontal and vertical bars that appear to be a checkerboard pattern..

Größe: males 3" (7 cm) females 2.5" 5 (cm).

Geschlechtsdimorphismus: It is difficult to determine the sex by coloration, typically males are larger then females.

Typusfundort: Makobola.

Verbreitung: Endemic to Lake Tanganyika and found only in the north and southern parts of the lake.

Fundorte: Kapampa (Congo, Democratic Republic, natürlich vorkommend), Luhanga (Congo, Democratic Republic, natürlich vorkommend), Pemba (Congo, Democratic Republic, natürlich vorkommend).

Lebensraum: They prefer the rocky habitat, where they have oxygen rich water, with a temperature around 23 – 27 Degrees C. and a pH of 7.8 – 9.5. There are no plants present to speak of but the rocks are covered with algae.

Artenschutz: Julidochromis transcriptus wurde durch die Internationale Union für die Erhaltung der Natur (IUZN) in der Roten Liste bedrohter Arten bewertet als (LC) nicht gefährdet (2006). The habitat is stable at this moment..

Ernährung: They graze for invertebrates present on the algae growth that covers the rocky habitat. This microfauna hides out in the algae covered rocks and on sponges, and as they pick at these foods they take in more algae then we realize and also particles of the sponges.

Fortpflanzung: There is not a breeding season for this species, as they will breed year round. What is most interesting about Julidochromis transcriptus is how they lay a few eggs everyday and soon there is a group of fry around the parents that are all different sizes, only a few days separate their ages. It is this site that we all strive for.

Aquaristik: Start out with juveniles and house them in a Tanganyikan community tank, with other Tanganyikan cichlids about the same size. As they mature, they will naturally pair off, planned marriages rarely work. Once you have a pair they can easily be moved to a 40 - 80 liters (10 or 20 gallon) tank, where you can have your own ultimate site, where many fry of all different sizes swim about the tank with their parents, grazing on the algae. In smaller tanks it is easier to get food to the fry, and easier to remove the fry when they get larger. They are excellent parents, you only need to provide freshly hatched baby brine shrimp and regular water changes.

Bemerkungen: They are found in the northwest and southern part of the lake, at different locations the pattern and coloration may vary. In addition to this well-defined black and white coloring the fins are edged with an iridescent blue. They lay a couple of eggs every few days, and soon you will have fry that is all different sizes, all over your tank, it is the ultimate site when you are working with J. transcriptus. The fry should be nearly jet black with just slits of white, while the belly and chin should be a brilliant white. J. transcriptus are considered a true dwarf and usually reach around 7.5 cm (3 inches).

Literatur (1):

  • Matthes, H. 1959. "Un cichlide nouveaux du lac Tanganika Julidochromis transcriptus n. sp". Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines. v. 60; pp. 126-130 (crc00113)

Externe Kataloge: Catalog of Fishes, Encyclopedia of Life, FishBase, ZooBank.

Anführung:

Chin, Pam. (Dezember 25, 2004). "Julidochromis transcriptus Matthes, 1959". Cichlid Room Companion. Abgerufen am Juli 02, 2020, von: https://cichlidae.com/species.php?id=52&lang=de.