Original description as Heterogramma pleurotaenia:
- Regan, Charles Tate. 1909. "Description of a new cichlid fish of the genus Heterogramma from La Plata". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (Ser. 8) v. 3; n. 15; p. 270 (crc01204)
Conservation: Apistogramma pleurotaenia is not evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species.