Original description as Chromis buttikoferi:
- Hubrecht, A. A. W.. 1881. "On a collection of fishes from the St. Paul's River, Liberia, with description of three new species". Notes from the Leyden Museum. v. 3(n. 2)(note XVII),pp. 66-71 (crc00201)
- Tilapia ansorgii Boulenger, 1911, with type locality at Geba and Culufi rivers, Guinea-Bissau. Determiner: Lévèque et al., 1989
Conservation: Heterotilapia buttikoferi is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (LC) least concern (2010).