Original description as Tilapia bythobates:
- Stiassny, Melanie & U.K. Schliewen & W.J. Dominey. 1992. "A new species flock of cichlid fishes from Lake Bermin, Cameroon with a description of eight new species of Tilapia (Labroidei: Cichlidae)". Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters. v. 3(n. 4), pp. 311-346 (crc00363) (abstract)
Conservation: Coptodon bythobates is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (CR) critically endangered (2010).