Original description as Paratilapia ventralis:
- Boulenger, George Albert. 1898. "Report on the fishes recently obtained by Mr. J. E. S. Moore in Lake Tanganyika". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. vol. 3: pp. 494-497 (crc00006)
Conservation: Ophthalmotilapia ventralis is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (LC) least concern (2006). Ophthalmotilapia ventralis is too small to be of interest for fishermen and it occurs in shallow, rocky habitats to difficult to employ nets. The various populations could be at risk of extirpation caused by pollution, but at the moment there is no large scale pollution apparent in the lake.