Original description as Haplochromis benthicola:
- Matthes, H.. 1962. "Poissons nouveaux ou intéressants du lac Tanganika et du Ruanda". Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines. (Ser. 8) n. 111; pp. 27-88 (crc01039)
- Trematochromis schreyeni Poll, 1987, with type locality at West coast at Luhanga, Zaire [Democratic Republic of Congo], north of Lake Tanganyika. Determiner: Takahashi et al., 2006
Conservation: Trematochromis benthicola is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (LC) least concern (2006). Due to its cryptic habits, not likely to be overfished. Population unlikely to be adversly affected since it lives deep within rocky areas throughout the lake.