Original description as Crenicichla anthurus:
- Cope, Edward D. 1872. "On the Fishes of the Ambyiacu River". Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. pp. 250-294 (crc00074)
Conservation: Crenicichla anthurus is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (LC) least concern (2016).