Original description as Chromis aurata:
- Boulenger, George Albert. 1897. "Description of a new fish from Lake Nyassa". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (Series 6); p 155 (crc00125)
Conservation: Melanochromis auratus is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (LC) least concern (2006). It is common in most populations.