Original description as Haplochromis barbarae:
- Greenwood, Peter Humphry. 1967. "A revision of the Lake Victoria Haplochromis species (Pisces, Cichlidae), part VI". Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology Series. Series 15 (2); pp 73-77 (crc00191)
Conservation: Astatotilapia barbarae is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (CR) critically endangered (2010).