Original description as Tilapia livingstonii:
- Boulenger, George Albert. 1899. "A revision of the African and Syrian fishes of the family Cichlidae. Part II". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. pp 98-143 (1-47); (crc00051)
Conservation: Pseudotropheus livingstonii is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (LC) least concern (2018). P. livingstonii is a common resident of the sandy habitat at all known locations and no immediate or major threats are known.