Original description as Cichlasoma microlepis:
- Dahl, George. 1960. "New fresh-water fishes from western Colombia". Caldasia. vol. 8 (39): pp. 451-484 (crc00312)
Conservation: Chocoheros microlepis is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (NT) near threatened (2016).