Original description as Chromis taenia:
- Bennett, Edward Turner. 1831. "Observations on a collection of fishes, formed during the voyage of H. M. S. "Chanticleer," with characters of two new species". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. pp. 112 (crc00314)
Conservation: Cichlasoma taenia is not evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species.