Original description as Tilapia nigricans:
- Boulenger, George Albert. 1906. "Descriptions of new fishes discovered by Mr E. Degen in Lake Victoria". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (ser. 7) 17; pp. 433-452 (crc00190)
Conservation: Neochromis nigricans is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (DD) data deficient (2010).