Original description as Geophagus argyrostictus:
- Kullander, Sven. 1991. "Geophagus argyrostictus, a new species of cichlid fish from the Rio Xingu, Brazil". Cybium. 15 (2); pp. 129-138 (crc00956)
Conservation: Geophagus argyrostictus is not evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species.